Writing is made up of words. The first requirement of writing English is to learn some English words every day to build up your vocabulary -- you may have to know at least a few thousand words before you can write effectively.
Learning vocabulary may look daunting to you (you may not know the word daunting, but most probably you can still guess that it means something like "difficult"; that is how you learn a new work by relating it to the context in a sentence), but you have to learn it cumulatively, that is, learning a few words every day.
Advance / Advancement
Advance, as a verb, means going forward or making progress; advancement means promotion.
e.g. With the advance of winter, days are growing shorter.
e.g. To seek advancement in your career, you need to work extra hard or get a higher qualification.
Observable / Observant
Observable: can be seen or noticed; observant: quick to pay attention.
e.g. The solution to the problem is observable to many scientists.
e.g. To be a good scientist, you must be observant of all the relevant details and data.
Noteworthy / Noticeable
Noteworthy means deserving attention; noticeable means easily seen.
e.g. The candidate's accomplishments are noteworthy.
e.g. The flaws in the Governor's character are easily noticeable to the public.
Pretense / Pretension
Pretense is to make believe; pretension is a claim
e.g. She makes no pretense to like her mother-in-law. (She does not pretend that she likess her mother-in-law)
e.g. He made no pretension to that award. (He never claimed that he received that award)
All / All of
All is used for amount, quantity, distance, and length of time.
e.g. all the money, all the way, all day, all night,
All of is used when a simple pronoun follows.
e.g. all of it, all of you, all of us.
e.g. All or all of the employees are satisfied with the new policy.
e.g. All or all of the children in the family have gone to college.
Ingenious / Ingenuous
Ingenious is clever; ingenuous is natural, free from deceit.
e.g. I must say that was an ingenious way to fund the project.
e.g. The Mayor's response to the questions from the reporter was sincere and ingenuous.
Copyright© by Stephen Lau