In English, there are many words which look similar, but they are different in meaning:
STUDIO / STUDIOUS
Studio: a place where pictures are taken, or films are made.
e.g. The film was made in a
Studious: fond of study; careful and thoughtful.
e.g. To be a good scientist, you must be studious.
MELLOW / MELODIOUS
Mellow: mature; soft and pure; rich and full.
e.g. As he continues to age, he become more mellow and compassionate.
Melodious: tuneful; pleasant to the ear.
e.g. He voice is melodious; he should take up singing.
SPOILED / SPOILT
Spoiled (the past tense or past participle of spoil) means lay waste, rob; spoilt means mar or ruin.
e.g. Your car accident spoiled my vacation.
e.g. You are a spoilt child!
GENTEEL / GENTLE
Genteel: well-bred, polite; imitating the lifestyle of the rich.
e.g. Your friend is genteel. Is he very rich?
e.g. All along he has been living in genteel poverty. He is not practical.
Gentle: kind, friendly, mild.
e.g. Be gentle to my puppy.
DISPOSABLE / INDISPOSED
Disposable: cant be removed or got rid of.
e.g. This machine is disposable; we can do without it
Indisposed: not feeling well; unwilling to
e.g. You look indisposed. Is there something wrong with you?
e.g. Many people are indisposed to working on weekends.
RECOURSE / RESORT
Recourse means turning to others or something for help; resort means to turn to for help (both noun and verb).
e.g. His only recourse was the police.
e.g. The police should not resort to violence to stop the peaceful demonstration.
e.g. The army decided using violence as the last resort.
TERMINABLE / TERMINAL
Terminable: can be ended.
e.g. Your employment is only temporary and terminable at any time.
Terminal: at the end.
e.g. The doctor told him that he had terminal cancer.
Decorative: having an artistic or showy effect.
e.g. The ballroom with all the ribbons and flowers are very decorative.
Decorous: showing good taste.
e.g. The Princess looks decorous in that simple but beautiful dress.
Copyright© 2018 by Stephen Lau